By Nihat Anwar (SSE), Mustafa Bayramli (Wharton), Gurneek Gill (UCL)
I. Industry Background
Today, cyberspace has become increasingly crucial for our everyday activities. Although our lives have become easier thanks to major advancements in digital technology, our reliance on digital infrastructure has also made us more vulnerable to cyber breaches. The impact of these digital attacks can be destructive for firms as they could lose their intellectual properties, as well as detrimental for regular individuals since it is equally important to ensure the protection of our personal data. To defend us from these threats, cybersecurity companies aim to facilitate our everyday lives by curbing attacks on networks, systems, and programs.
The cybersecurity industry was valued at $153.16 billion in 2020 and exhibited a substantial growth of 7.6% during the year. Over the last few years, the aerospace and defense vertical had the largest share in the market. However, moving forward, BFSI and IT, government, and telecom verticals are expected to gain increased traction. More generally, the market could also be divided into two segments, namely, solutions and services. Out of these two, the service segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during 2021-2026 due to the rising demand for consultancy and maintenance services by medium and large enterprises. North America has dominated both segments of the global cybersecurity market in the past years, however, this trend is also expected to change as APAC is estimated to grow at the fastest pace. The market is highly fragmented and competitive, and some of the major players within the industry are IBM Corporation, AVG Technologies, and Cisco Systems Inc. These key players are continuing to implement core technologies into their business units, including machine learning, IoT, big data and cloud – all of which are expected to significantly drive growth moving forward.
As the number of online security threats continues to rise, the standards and requirements for more advanced security solutions are growing exponentially. During the pandemic crisis, the demand within healthcare, government, and manufacturing has grown tremendously and challenged the key industry players to differentiate and continue to advance their products and services. In addition, it is expected that cybercrime will evolve and become more sophisticated with the increased use of complex techniques and heightened computing power. All in all, cybersecurity companies face several opportunities and challenges, and the need for continuous innovations will likely increase the M&A activity in the industry.
II. Paypal - Curv
On March 8th, 2021, PayPal announced the planned acquisition of Curv. The deal is expected to close in the first half of 2021, and although the financial terms of the transaction were not disclosed to the public, experts believe that the acquisition is worth between $200 million and $300 million.
Curv was founded in 2018 and mainly focuses on providing companies with digital asset security technology. The Israel-based company is a leading provider of cloud-based services that let their customers securely access crypto wallets without any hardware device. In October 2020, PayPal created a business unit fully focusing on blockchain, digital, and cryptocurrencies. With this deal, PayPal wishes to continue on their recent commitment by integrating Curv into their newly formed venture. Jose Fernandez da Ponte, PayPal’s vice president and general manager of the business unit stated: “The acquisition of Curv is part of our effort to invest in the talent and technology to realize our vision for a more inclusive financial system.” By utilizing Curv’s unique capabilities, PayPal hopes to boost and augment its competitiveness and journey of innovation in a time where the adoption of digital assets is at a remarkably high pace.
This deal is an example of the increased cybersecurity M&A activity as players such as PayPal, and more generally, large institutions, continue to adopt digital asset and blockchain technology. Moving forward, experts believe that more deals will take place within the crypto segment since digital currencies will undoubtedly play an increasingly important role in financial services and commerce.
III. Okta - Auth0
On March 3, 2021, Okta, Inc. (NASDAQ: OKTA) announced that it would acquire Auth0 in a stock transaction valued at $6.5 billion. According to the deal, both sides have agreed on Okta purchasing the target with the acquirer Class A common stock. Morgan Stanley and Qatalyst Partners are acting as financial advisors for the acquirer and target respectively.
Okta, Inc. provides an identity and access management (IAM) platform for enterprises, small and medium-sized businesses, universities, non-profits, and government agencies in the United States and internationally. The company’s flagship offering is Okta Identity Cloud, a platform that offers a suite of products to manage and secure identities, such as Universal Directory, a cloud-based system of record to store and secure user, application, and device profiles for an organization. Okta, Inc. sells its products directly to customers through sales force, as well as through channel partners. Meanwhile, Bellevue, Washington-based Auth0 manages customers' identities across applications and expects over $200 million in revenue this year. It facilitates easy API access to single-sign-on functionality for developers. Under the terms of the deal, Auth0 will operate as an independent business unit inside Okta, but both platforms will be integrated over time.
Acquiring Auth0 enables Okta to construct a comprehensive approach to IAM covering both front and back end. From an identity market perspective, the target, being a small vendor compared to industry giants such as Microsoft, will be strategically positioned to leverage the Okta brand and its marketing network. Okta will likewise benefit from the complementary nature of the two company’s operational focus in the identity market.
IV. Palo Alto Networks - Bridgecrew
On February 16, 2021, Palo Alto Networks (NYSE: PANW) expressed its intent to acquire Bridgecrew, a developer-first cloud company, in an all-cash transaction valued at $156 million. The rationale for the deal is that the acquisition will allow Palo Alto Networks to expand the use cases for its Prisma Cloud security platform into the DevOps process. Prisma Cloud helps thousands of organizations securely connect office branches and mobile users to the cloud, allowing for SaaS adoption with a cloud access security broker, and improves security across multi-cloud deployments. With the addition of Bridgecrew, Palo Alto Networks said it will be able to offer security across the full application lifecycle via a single platform.
Palo Alto Networks, Inc. provides cybersecurity platform solutions worldwide. The company provides firewall appliances and software; Panorama, a security management solution for the control of appliances and software deployed on an end-customer's network as a virtual or a physical appliance; and virtual system upgrades, which are available as extensions to the virtual system capacity that ships with physical appliances. It also offers subscription services covering the areas of threat prevention, uniform resource locator filtering, malware and persistent threat, laptop and mobile device protection, and firewall, as well as cyberattacks, threat intelligence, and data loss prevention. In addition, the company provides professional services, including architecture design and planning, configuration, and firewall migration, as well as online and in-classroom education training services, as well as support services. Palo Alto Networks is especially interested in accelerating investments in Bridgecrew’s infrastructure as a code Scanner, Checkov, which has recently gained traction among developers and exceeded 1 million downloads in 2020.
V. Datadog - Sqreen
On the 11th February 20